Business English Lite
2013/01/18

‘Zombies’ seen to hold back economy ゾンビが経済を妨げる

Some economists believe that too few companies fail in Britain. They say that economic recovery is being held back because of zombie companies which are kept alive by tolerant creditors and low interest rates.

Companies with broken business models should be allowed to fail, people worried about "zombies" say, arguing that their resources and workers can then flow into new or expanding companies that are better able to drive economic growth.

The problem, though, is that workers do not always "flow" effortlessly into new and more productive jobs, especially when the economy is weak.

As one economist pointed out, in the long run, capital, as well as human capital need to be released from inefficient firms to more efficient ones, so long as there is a sufficient supply of credit. That would enable new companies to absorb those workers, or existing companies to feel confident enough to hire them.

In the worst situation, we end up with the zombies being killed, but no new companies that think it’s worth taking the risk of expanding.

Key Vocabularies :
recovery [noun] 再び健康になる,   tolerant [adj] 寛容な、寛大な,   flow [verb] 流れる,   expand [verb] 成長させる、拡大する,   effortlessly [adv] 無理のない、苦もなく,  

Quiz

本文の内容や単語について問う問題です。問題は全部で5問あります。是非チャレンジしてみて下さい。

1.

According to the article, what do some economists say about zombie companies?

 

2.

According to economists, what happens with the former employees of zombie companies?

 
Look at the underlined word or phrase and choose the answer that is closest in meaning.

3.

They say that economic recovery is being held back because of zombie companies which are kept alive by tolerant creditors and low interest rates.

 

4.

Companies with broken business models should be allowed to fail, people worried about "zombies" say, arguing that their resources and workers can then flow into new or expanding companies that are better able to drive economic growth.

Broken business models are ones that are

 

5.

Based on the information in the article, what is likely to happen if the zombies are killed, but other companies do not expand?

 
SIGNAL
Business English Pro、1日10分ビジネス英語でもっと学習!

月額980円〜 最新のニュース記事で手軽に始めるビジネス英語学習

もっと沢山の記事を読んで学習をしたいなら、Business English Pro1日10分ビジネス英語 の受講がお薦めです!

Business English Pro1日10分ビジネス英語なら記事は週5日間、最新のニュースを使った学習記事が毎日配信されます。

  • ニュースソースは世界中の様々なニュース、メディアを元にスペシャリストにより作成されたオリジナルのニュース記事!
  • 常に新しい記事で学習ができて、同時に最新の情報もインプットできます
  • 「英語は勉強したいけど時間が…」という忙しいという方。ニュースを読む感覚で英語の学習ができます
  • スマートフォンから学習できるので、通勤時間や空き時間に手軽に学習できます
  • 1日10分ビジネス英語なら月額980円で受講できます!ビジネス英語を手軽に学習したい方に最適です

さらに Business English Proなら

  • 毎日レベル毎に難易度の異なる記事をそれぞれ配信。初級者から上級者までレベルに合わせた学習が可能です
  • 過去に配信された記事のストックから、さかのぼってお好きなだけ学習が可能です
  • 1週間の記事の復習をおこなう Weekly Reviewなど、通常の学習記事以外のコンテンツも充実しています
  • レベル修了テストで学習の成果を試すことができます。修了証の発行もおこなわれます